As people age, they begin to grumble even more of pains in their muscular tissues and joints. They seem to stiffen up with age, and also find that activities as flexing over for the morning paper could make them hurt.
It is a common belief that the problems are just in the bones due to degeneration and arthritis. Yet the genuine cause of stiffness and discomfort is really not in the joints or bones, according to research at the Johns Hopkins Medical School, however it starts in the muscles and connective tissues that surround the joints.
Joint mobility or flexibility are the common medical terms utilized to describe the extent of the motion of a joint during it's pathway in the various planes of motion in normal activity. The higher the range of motion (ROM), the more flexible the joint. ROM is also used to measure the health of the joint as well as disability caused by injury or disease.
Range of motion, both the passive ROM and the active ROM are only one aspect of joint health. The muscle force required to move the joint through its ROM is another factor. And another is the pain level caused by movement through the ROM. Bryan and College Station Chiropractor Dr. David Bailey is a Board Certified Chiropractic Orthopedist, and an expert in these matters. You may want to check out his website.
Various joint biomechanics determine the flexibility and also ease of movement in different joints and muscular tissues. In the elbow joint and also knee, the bony structure itself sets a definite limitation. In various other joints, such as the ankle joint, hip, and back, the soft tissue play a greater role.
The rusty gate analogy can be used to describe joint issues. Crepitation, or the popping, snapping, creaking, and crackles that you can hear with joint motion are like the squeeking and squawling of the rusty gate when you try to open it.
Use or lose it is true for muscles and joints. What takes place next is that the muscular tissues become shortened with extended disuse as well as generates spasms and also cramps that can be bothersome and very painful. The immobilization of muscular tissues, as researchers have actually shown with laboratory animals, produces biochemical modifications in the cells and created permanent painful scar tissue.
However, other factors trigger sore muscles. Here are some of them:
1. You can exercise too much
Have you always believed on the saying, No pain, no gain? If you do, then, it is not so surprising if you have already experienced sore muscles.
The problem with most people is that they exercise too much thinking that it is the fastest and the surest way to lose weight. Until they ache, they tend to ignore their muscles and connective tissue, even though they are what quite literally holds the body together.
2. Aging and inactivity
Connective tissue binds muscle to bone by tendons, binds bone to bone by ligaments, and covers and unites muscles with sheaths called fasciae. With age, the tendons, ligaments, and fasciae become less extensible. The tendons, with their densely packed fibers, are the most difficult to stretch. The easiest are the fasciae. But if they are not stretched to improve joint mobility, the fasciae shorten, placing undue pressure on the nerve pathways in the muscle fasciae. Many aches and pains are the result of nerve impulses traveling along these pressured pathways.
Sore muscles or muscle pain can be excruciating, owing to the bodys reaction to a cramp or ache. In this reaction, called the splinting reflex, the body automatically immobilizes a sore muscle by making it contract. Thus, a sore muscle can set off a vicious cycle pain.
First, an unused muscle becomes sore from exercise or being held in an unusual position. The body then responds with the splinting reflex, shortening the connective tissue around the muscle. This cause more pain, and eventually the whole area is aching. One of the most common sites for this problem is the lower back.
4. Spasm theory
In the physiology laboratory at the University of Southern California, sereral studies have set out to learn more about this cycle of disuse and joint and muscle pain.
Using some device, they measured electrical activity in the muscles. The researchers knew that normal, well-relaxed muscles produce no electrical activity, whereas, muscles that are not fully relaxed show considerable activity.
In one experiment, the researchers measured these electrical signals in the muscles of persons with athletic injuries, first with the muscle immobilized, and then, after the muscle had been stretched.
In almost every case, exercises that stretched or lengthened the muscle diminished electrical activity and relieved pain, either totally or partially.
These experiments led to the spasm theory, an explanation of the development and persistence of muscle pain in the absence of any obvious cause, such as traumatic injury.
According to this theory, a muscle that is overworked or used in a strange position becomes fatigued and as a result, sore muscles.
Hence, it is extremely important to know the limitations and capacity of the muscles in order to avoid sore muscles. This goes to show that there is no truth in the saying, No pain, no gain. Take your workout slowly at first to avoid injury. Increase the intensity step by step and get supervsion from an expert. This will make it less likely to suffer injury.
DISCLAIMER: Nothing in this article is intended to be used as a substitute for advice of a physician. Do not modify your diet, exercises, or medications without first seeking the advice of a physician. Information on this site is for information purposes only. No claims have been approved by the FDA unless otherwise indicated.
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